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English Regulations 2022: Smoke And Carbon Monoxide Alarm

English Regulations 2022: Smoke And Carbon Monoxide Alarm

On 23rd November 2021, England’s Government published new guidelines for its Smoke and Carbon Monoxide (CO) alarms regulation, which applies to all rented properties within England.

By 1st October 2022, all the changes will come into effect without any grace period.
What did the consultation propose?

The consultation was about to bring some significant changes to the Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarm Regulation of 2015 and Approved Document J, with the primary objective of extending the current private rented legislation to rented properties; this also begs the question if the current legislation was adequate.

The Legislation also removed the word ‘solid’ from the CO installation requirement. The building regulations will also reflect this change (Document J).

Requirements for CO Alarm:

The following are the amendments for CO alarms for extra security.

  • All landlords must install a CO alarm in any room containing a fuel-burning appliance such as stoves, biofuels, oil burners, gas boilers, wood pellets, etc. Cookers are NOT included in this requirement.
  • All newly built and materially altered properties In England now must have a CO alarm installed wherever a fuel-burning appliance is present. Approved Document J.
  • CO alarms installed must comply with BS EN 50291-1
  • Landlords can either use battery or hard-wired alarms within the property.
  • There is no obligation on the landlord for the CO alarm to be interconnected with the rest of the smoke/heat alarms on the property. A standalone CO alarm is also acceptable.

Requirements for Smoke Alarm:

  • Landlords must install one smoke alarm on each property story if any room is used for living accommodation.
  • Smoke Alarms installed must comply with BS EN 14604.

Testing and Maintenance:

  • Landlords will also be required to replace or repair alarms if faulty.
  • Landlords must ensure that all the alarms at the property are working at the beginning of every new tenancy.
  • Regular alarm testing will be the tenant’s responsibility.

The Grade System: (For England)

Significant changes are made to BS 5839-6:2019+A1:2020, covering all the different types of alarm systems. Grade A
Separate alarms, sounders, and central control should have a backup power supply. Equipment should conform to British standards (BS EN 54). Grade C
Fire detectors and Alarm sounders systems, which might be combined as smoke alarms, are connected to a common power supply, including both mains and standby supply, with central control equipment.

Grade D1 (View Products)
A system of one or more hard-wired detectors, each consisting of a standby tamper-proof battery or batteries.

Grade D2
A system of one or more hard-wired detectors, each with a standby supply of replaceable battery or batteries.

Grade F1 (View Products)
A system of one or more detectors powered by a tamper-proof battery or batteries.

Grade F2 (View Products)
A system of one or more detectors powered by a user-replaceable battery or batteries.

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